Ethnic Turkish population after the last census – in March 2002 – is about 33,000. There are about 11,000 Turks in Constanta, 4,000 in Medgidia, 2,000 in Mangalia, 200 in Eforie, 400 in Techirghiol. Due to urbanization, migration or emigration, rural population decreased. A significant Turkish community lives in Tulcea County: thus, in Tulcea are 1423 Turks, in Babadag 1289, in Isaccea 216, in Macin 337. 70% of Turks live in urban areas. They have a level of academic training similar to other ethnic groups, but there also are many illiterates (10%) or solely primary school graduates (20%).
Our organisation aims to express, protect, and promote ethnic, cultural, linguistic and religious identity of its members – the turks in Romania, thus we pursue:
- protection of ethnicity, mainly: mother's tongue, literature, music, religion, traditions and tangible assets
- care for representative settlements, halidoms, and cultural abodes
- maintenance of historical monuments and architectural vestiges which reflect our history and continuity
- free expression of Islamic religious belief
- creating a system of social protection and social development programs for our community
- supplying and developing the traditional relations of Romanian-Turkish friendship
- promote the image of Romanian-citizenship Turks abroad
National Conference, composed of representatives of all regional branches, has to elect the Union's leadership – President, First Vice-President, General Secretary – every four years.
Our logo is a globe with the ethnic Turkish symbol – crescent and star, framed in the bottom by two olive branches which symbolise peace, and at globe's basis is the name of our organisation, surrounded by Romanian flag.
We publish a magazine: Hakses – The Authentic Voice, being funded by the Gouvernement through the Department for Interethnic Relations.
We operate the following committees:
- Culture Commission
- Education Commission
- Youth Commission
- Women's Commission
- Board of Religion